Donal and Peter Brukner (coach of the Australian cricket team)
Donal and Peter Brukner (coach of the Australian cricket team)
But while some nutritionists have encouraged the protein craze, a number of experts are urging caution. They point out that protein powders and supplements, which come from animal products like whey and casein (byproducts of cheese manufacturing) or from plants like soy, rice, pea or hemp, are a relatively new invention. The vast majority of Americans already get more than the recommended daily amounts of protein from food, they say, and there are no rigorous long-term studies to tell us how much protein is too much.
80 percent of what they eat is vegetables. [I buy] the freshest vegetables. If it’s not organic, I don’t use it. And whole grains: brown rice, quinoa, millet, beans. The other 20 percent is lean meats: grass-fed organic steak, duck every now and then, and chicken. As for fish, I mostly cook wild salmon.
My breakfasts, for example, have completely changed. Over the past few decades, typical breakfasts in this country have become “lower-fat versions of dessert,” as Gary Taubes, the author of a new book, “The Case Against Sugar,” puts it.
Mine used to revolve around cereal and granola, which are almost always sweetened. Now I eat a combination of eggs, nuts, fruit, plain yogurt and some well-spiced vegetables. It feels decadent, yet it’s actually healthier than a big bowl of granola.
These results strongly suggest that extra protein is advisable during weight loss, Dr. Phillips said, to avoid stripping yourself of muscle.
But exercise is also key, Dr. Phillips continued, particularly weight training, since it is known to build muscle. Even the men on the lower-protein diet lost little muscle mass, he pointed out, which was unexpected and almost certainly due, he and his colleagues concluded, to exercise.
That’s where Peter Turnbaugh came in. Then a graduate student in the lab, he harvested microbes from fat and lean mice, and then fed them to germ-free rodents. Those that got microbes from lean donors put on 27% more fat, while those with obese donors packed on 47% more fat. It was a stunning result: Turnbaugh had effectively transferred obesity from one animal to another, simply by moving their microbes across. “It was an ‘Oh my God’ moment,” said Gordon. “We were thrilled and inspired.”……..
They can also turn it in both directions. While Turnbaugh showed that gut microbes can lead to weight gain, others have found that they can trigger weight loss. Akkermansia muciniphila, one of the more common species of gut bacteria, is over 3,000 times more common in lean mice than in those genetically predisposed to obesity. If obese mice eat it, they lose weight and show fewer signs of type 2 diabetes.
Once back I have my breakfast that’s usually oats and whey and blueberries or strawberries. I have to have six meals a day, and after about three, I hit the gym.” Six meals of dal-roti-chawal don’t seem so hard, I thought, but Bani continues, “You cannot eat the regular ghar ka khana if you are on the kind of diet that I’m on.
I only eat six basic foods—I get my greens from broccoli, beans, asparagus and zucchini. Carbohydrates come from sweet potato, brown rice and oats. I avoid white rice and bread because it’s very sugary. And proteins come from eggs, chicken and fish.”
Must say, a pretty dictator diet, but I wondered if there is scope for cheat meals. “If I really want to party then I eat salmon or maybe I’ll allow myself a piece of cake, Chinese food or even a small pizza once a week,” she elucidates, “but then I’ve been preparing for this shoot for a month so I’ve been extra particular about my diet and training.”
What do you eat to stay in shape?
Variety is key. I start every day with a protein shake because, as you get older, your protein synthesis no longer functions as well. I avoid sugar and eat lots of meat, especially fat. I’ve been on a fat trip lately. Fat! Piles of fat. Yet, I was in a supermarket the other day and was perplexed to find yogurt with zero fat. What on earth is that? The idea of the nutrition pyramid where, at the top, is a little fat and meat, and at the bottom a lot of carbohydrates, is, excuse me, bullshit. Humans are so unbelievably stupid that we have begun to tinker with food. Our theories of nutrition have resulted in a pandemic of obesity. Can you imagine a hunter-gatherer enjoying a low-fat yogurt? Let me tell you this, too: I read a report recently which said that a fatty diet also increases your libido.
On Sept. 29, Jason Fung, a Toronto-based doctor who said he is skeptical of the guidelines, tweeted a link to the Huffington Post review: “Here’s @DrDavidKatz writing a glowing book review about a book he himself wrote under a pseudonym. What an ass.”
Fung said his tweet was a direct response to an opinion column written by Katz four days before, in which Katz accused health journalist Nina Teicholz, an outspoken critic of the guidelines, of making exaggerated claims designed to promote her bestselling book “The Big Fat Surprise.”
“He was trying to imply that she was just doing it to sell more books,” Fung told the News. “He’s just a huckster that goes around trying to promote his own book.”
David Katz is critized in this article too
Another doctor who is a shill for the sugar and fast food industries
France, the country with the highest intake of saturated fat, has the lowest rate of heart disease; Ukraine, the country with the lowest intake of saturated fat, has the highest. When the British obesity researcher Zoë Harcombe performed an analysis of the data on cholesterol levels for 192 countries around the world, she found that lower cholesterol correlated with higher rates of death from heart disease.
more articles like this from the archive:
If you are a diabetic in India and do not have the resources to pay for a CGM(continuous glucose monitor), then this post will help you understand how to manage your diabetes without spending too much money on these devices. Your cost for each FPM will be about Rs 4500.
When you get your first Libre monitor, do not change your diet and exercise.
Maintain a food and exercise diary and note the timings of your meals, exercise and when you take your insulin/medications.
Before using the 2nd FPM, go to to a gym/ yoga instructor/exercise professional and join some class to get into better shape/build muscle, lose some fat.
Once you have enrolled, use the 2nd FPM after a month. This will give you an idea of how exercise can control your blood sugars.
Before using the 3rd FPM, go to a nutritionist/informed doctor and get a low-carb diet advice. A few days after you start the low-carb diet, use the 3rd FPM. You will get a good idea of how exercise and low-carb help your body manage diabetes.
Give a time gap of 2 months between your 3rd and 4th FPM.
Before you use your 4th FPM, ask your nutritionist/doctor for advice on a keto diet.
Switch to a keto diet 5-6 days before using your 4th FPM.
Since you are burn fat and not glucose on a keto diet, you will now be able to see how stable your blood sugars are. You will also need to adjust your medications once you’re doing keto.
At the end of using your 4th FPM, you will have an excellent idea of how diet and exercise affect your blood sugars and you can accordingly make the appopriate lifestyle choices that will keep your blood sugars in the normal range.
I have had for some reason(not yet diagnosed), frequent episodes of low sugar without being a diabetic for over a decade now.
In march 2015, I went to a endocrinologist recommeded by a friend, saw the doctor’s reviews on practo.com were decent, set up an appointment.
After a few consultations with the doctor, I was recommended to try the Abbott Freestyle flash glucose monitoring system to figure out what was actually going on with my blood sugars.
Abbott launched the Flash glucose monitor in India in feb 2015. Was one of the first few patients who got to trial it out.
The cost at the time was Rs 4500 for the monitor. The reader is separate and is usually owned by the doctor or medical rep.
How do you set up the Freestyle Libre?
Open the box, attach the monitor to the applicator and attach it to the underside of your upper left arm. It remains attached for 2 weeks, after which it stops taking readings.
While it is attached, it takes readings every 15min and stores it. Once you want to download the readings, you bring the reader close to the monitor and all the data is downloaded to the reader. You can view the readings on the reader itself or transfer it to the computer. That’s it.
This is so much more convenient than attaching a CGM(continuous glucose monitor) to your belly for 2 weeks and having to calibrate it every day or so.
Even when attaching the monitor to my upper arm, I thought it would be painful but in fact, I didn’t hurt at all.
The FPM is actually accurate. Most readings were within 5-10 % of actual readings(checked with an glucose monitor (Bayer Countour TS.)
The glue on the pad that attached to your skin can cause allergies to some people over repeated usage.
Rs 4500 for every 2 weeks of monitoring might not be affordable to most people in India, unless you are independently wealthy or your insurance company is paying for this(which I doubt.)
If you are a diabetic and want to understand how to make full use of this flash glucose monitor using the monitor possibly just 3 or 4 times (total cost Rs14-18,000), I have made a post on how to do so.
It has been promoted in best-selling books and endorsed by celebrities like the actors Hugh Jackman and Benedict Cumberbatch. The late-night talk show host Jimmy Kimmel claims that for the past two years he has followed an intermittent fasting program known as the 5:2 diet, which entails normal eating for five days and fasting for two — a practice Mr. Kimmel credits for his significant weight loss.
A study conducted by the Medical University of Graz in Austria found that the vegetarian diet, as characterised by a low consumption of saturated fat and cholesterol, due to a higher intake of fruits, vegetables and whole-grain products, appeared to carry elevated risks of cancer, allergies and mental health problems such as depression and anxiety.
India is in bad health. On the one hand, many of its citizens are living with the effects of poor nutrition and poverty. A lack of toilets and a faulty distribution system for affordable medication means India contributes to nearly a quarter of deaths worldwide from diarrhea.
Health and life expectancy in India continue to be largely determined by the lottery of the sex, socioeconomic status, caste, and the place one is born,” the report noted.
Investing in public healthcare will also help reduce India’s disproportionately high contribution to the global burden of disease, the report said.
India accounted for 20% of the global burden of diseases in 2013, down just one percentage point from nearly a decade [from 2005] ago.
This leads him to a controversial conclusion: that the saturated fat in butter, cheese and meats does not contribute to the clogging of arteries — and in fact is beneficial in moderate amounts in the context of a healthy diet
More on the researcher, Fred Kummerow
Fred Kummerow is now 100 years old.
Fred Kummerow is 101 years old.
It has a big impact on the diet of American citizens, and those of most Western nations, so why does the expert advice underpinning US government dietary guidelines not take account of all the relevant scientific evidence? Nina Teicholz reports
You follow a unique diet protocol called Optimized Fat Metabolization or OFM. Explain how that works and how it plays into your training and racing.
I’ve been following OFM for about two years. It’s a program started by Peter Defty. It really revolves around the concept of when you’re training, you eat a high-fat, lower-carb, moderate-protein diet and you try to use carbohydrates strategically. If I’m training a ton, I’ll eat a lot of carbs, but still lower than what you would traditionally expect from a distance runner and then you really key in on the fats as the primary source of fuel. Then when I’m racing, like I did last week, if I bring back the carbohydrates, my insulin receptors are incredibly sharp and responsive to it. The day before a race, I’ll tend to eat a fairly big breakfast and lunch and then go a little lighter in the afternoon or evening. For example, the night before this race, I had some steak chili and a sweet potato and cottage cheese.
It is only in the past 3-4 years that awareness has built up about vitamin B12 deficiency among Indians.
Vitamin B12 is profoundly important for health. Adequate stores of the vitamin help our nerve and blood cells to function properly; this vitamin is also needed for the manufacture of DNA strands in the body. If left untreated, vitamin B12 deficiency can lead to permanent nerve damage. Sanjay Chugh, a psychiatrist who practises in New Delhi, says: “Vitamin B12 deficiency is rampant in India (among men and women). The deficiency is so common that it’s the first thing I recommend for patients regardless of their psychiatric symptoms. And often when vitamin B12 deficiency is found, simple supplementation of vitamin B12 is enough to clear the symptoms such as mood swings and crying bouts.” Vitamin B12 injections are recommended when the deficiency diagnosed is severe and vitamin B12 levels have to be brought back to normal quickly. Once the levels have normalized, then vitamin B12 can be taken orally like any other vitamin supplement.
One reason why vitamin B12 deficiency is particularly common in India is that a large number of people here are vegetarians.
The laboratory analyzed samples over the past three years and found that 1 in 5 people in Chennai in the productive, 20-40 age group had vitamin B12 deficiency and of the 16,000 samples tested for vitamin D deficiency, 14,000 were found positive.